RAY CHARLES


THE ATLANTIC YEARS: SINGLES
The Midnight Hour (Sam Sweet)
It Should Have Been Me (Memphis Curtis) ‘It Shoulda Been Me’ by 10-year-old Little Georgie Benson, later the famous jazz guitarist [‘54, Groove 0024]
Losing Hand (Charles Calhoun)
Sinner’s Prayer (Lloyd Glenn, Lowell Fulsom) Lowell Fulsom [‘50, Swing Time 237].
Mess Around (A. Nugetre) According to notes to The Birth of Soul, this ‘borrowed liberally’ from Cow Cow Davenport’s ‘Cow Cow Blues’ [‘28, Vocalion 1198 and Brunswick 80022].
Feelin’ Sad (Eddie Jones) Guitar Slim [‘52, J-B 603].
I Got a Woman (Ray Charles, Renald Richard) Based on ‘It Must Be Jesus’ by the Southern Tones [‘54, Duke 205]
Come Back Baby (Ray Charles) Walter Davis ['40, Bluebird B8510], Lowell Fulson [‘49, Down Beat 230]
This Little Girl of Mine (Ray Charles) Based on ‘This Little Light of Mine’, a civil rights song first recorded in 1950 by the St. Paul Baptist Choir Church of L.A. [Capitol 1069], and also by Clara Ward [‘52, Savoy 4038] and the Swan Silvertones [‘53, Specialty 931].
Drown In My Own Tears (Henry Glover) Sonny Thompson with Lula Reed vocal ‘I’ll Drown in My Tears’ [‘52, King 45-4527].
Hallelujah I Love Her So (Ray Charles) Revamping of Dorothy Love Coates’ gospel song ‘Hallelujah! I Love Him So’ (but I can’t find a recording of this) A recording entitled, "That's Why I Love him So", by the Gospel All Stars (claiming, I assume, James Cleveland as composer) also seems to predate the Ray Charles recording. YouTube link:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ywj-Ey1ZnPQ
Lonely Avenue (Doc Pomus) Apparently inspired by Pilgrim Travelers’ ‘How Jesus Died’ [‘55, Specialty 889].
Leave My Woman Alone (Ray Charles) Based on gospel ‘You Better Leave That Liar Alone’ - originally by Guitar Evangelist (Edward W. Clayborn) [‘27, Vocalion 1093]; other versions by Rev. T.E. Weems [‘27, Columbia 14469-D], the Silver Leaf Quartet [‘28, Okeh 8667], Frank Luther [‘34], the Carter Family [‘37], the Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet [‘38, Bluebird B7835], Sister Rosetta Tharpe [‘43, Decca 48023] and the Fairfield Four [‘46, Bullet 253].
Get on the Right Track (Titus Turner) “Get on the Right Track Baby’ by Titus Turner [‘56, Wing 90058]
Swanee River Rock (Ray Charles) Based on ‘The Old Folks at Home’ by Stephen Foster. First performed in 1878 by Jules Levy; first recorded in 1892 by Len Spencer [New Jersey label]. A boogie-woogie version by Albert Ammons charted R&B in 1947 [‘Swanee River Boogie’, Mercury 8022.]
That’s Enough (Ray Charles) From Gospel Harmonettes [‘56, Specialty 904]
I Want a Litte Girl (Billy Moll, Murray Mencher) McKinney’s Cotton Pickers, vocal by George Thomas [‘30, Victor]. Other versions include Jay McShann featuring Jimmy Witherspoon [‘46, Mercury 8026] and Big Joe Turner [‘56, Boss of the Blues Atlantic 1234].
Yes Indeed (Sy Oliver) Tommy Dorsey [‘41, Victor 27421].
I Had a Dream (Ricky Harper, Ray Charles) Harper was a trumpeter in Charles’ band
You Be My Baby (Doc Pomus, Mort Shuman, Ray Charles)
My Bonnie (Ray Charles) ‘My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean.’ This well-known song was originally called ‘Bring Back My Bonnie to Me’, written in 1881, and was recorded in 1901 by the Haydn Quartet. It became popular for Alma Gluck & the Orpheus Quartet [‘19, Victor 64793], and Ella Logan popularized it as ‘My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean’ in 1938 [Brunswick 8196].
Early in the Morning (Lee Hickman, Louis Jordan) Louis Jordan [‘47, Decca 24155]
The Right Time (Lew Herman) Nappy Brown [’57, Savoy 1525], based on Roosevelt Sykes’ ‘Night Time Is the Right Time’ [‘37, Decca 7324].
Carryin’ the Load (Doc Pomus, Mort Shuman)
Tell the Truth (Lowman Pauling) The 5 Royales [‘58, King 5141]
I’m Movin’ On (Hank Snow) Hank Snow [‘50, RCA 0328]
THE ATLANTIC YEARS: ALBUM TRACKS
RAY CHARLES (ROCK AND ROLL)
All single releases
YES INDEED
All single releases
THE GREAT RAY CHARLES
The Man I Love (Gershwin, Gershwin) A 1928 standard sung on stage by Helen Morgan and by Sophie Tucker, with recordings by Marion Harris [Victor 21116], Vaughn DeLeath [Brunswick 3748], Paul Whiteman, featuring Vaughn DeLeath [Columbia 50058] and Fred Rich, also featuring Vaughn DeLeath [Columbia 1241]. Revived in 1937 by the Benny Goodman Trio [Victor 25644].
Music, Music, Music (Baum, Weiss) Number one hit in 1950 for Teresa Brewer [London 30023], with several other recordings.
Black Coffee (Burke, Webster) Introduced in 1949 by Sarah Vaughan [Columbia 38462]. It was the title song for a well-known LP by Peggy Lee [‘53, Decca LP .DL 5482].
I Surrender, Dear (Barris, Clifford) 1931 song with popular recordings by Gus Arnheim, featuring Bing Crosby [Victor 22618] and Earl Burtnett featuring Don Dewey [Brinswick 6034].
Ain’t Misbehaving’ (Brooks, Razaf, Waller) Cowritten by Fats Waller, this was featured in the 1929 show Connie’s Hot Chocolates by Louis Armstrong. Popular recordings that year include Armstrong’s [Okeh 8714 and 41276], Leo Reisman featuring Lew Conrad [Victor 22047], Irving Mills featuring Bill ‘Bojangles’ Robinson [Brunswick 4535], Gene Austin [Victor 22068], Ruth Etting [Columbia 1958-D], and an organ solo by Fats Waller [Victor 22118].
Doodlin’ (Silver) Horace Silver Quintet introduced this song [‘54, Blue Note 45-1630], sometimes attributed to Horace Silver & the Jazz Messengers.
There’s No You (Adair, Hopper) recorded in 1945 by Jo Stafford [Capitol 191] and Frank Sinatra [Columbia 36797].
Undecided (Robin, Shavers) First popular in 1939 for Chick Webb with Ella Fitzgerald [Decca 2323], with instrumental versions by John Kirby [Decca 2216] and Benny Goodman [Victor 26134]. Charted in 1951 for the Ames Brothers & Les Brown [Coral 9-60566], Ray Anthony [Capitol F1824], and Guy Lombardo (Decca 9-27835]
My Melancholy Baby (Burnett, Norton, Norton) Standard first recorded in 1915 by Walter Van Brunt [Edison Amberol 2542]. Popular versions were recorded in 1928 [first hit version, by Gene Austin, Victor 21015], 1935 [Al Bowlly with Ray Noble‘s Orchestra, Victor 25007], 1936 [Teddy Wilson, featuring Ella Fitzgerald, Brunswick 7729], 1939 [Bing Crosby, Decca 2289], and 1947 [instrumental hit for Sam Donohue, Capitol 357].
WHAT’D I SAY
All single releases
SOUL BROTHERS (with Milt Jackson)
How Long Blues (Carr) An often recorded blues standard, Alberta Hunter’s first recording, as ‘How Long, Sweet Daddy, How Long’ [’21, Black Swan 2008]. Other early recordings by Ida Cox with Papa Charlie Jackson [‘25, Paramount 12325], Blind Lemon Jefferson [‘28, Paramount 12685], Tampa Red [‘28, Vocalion 1228], and its most famous version by Leroy Carr with Scrapper Blackwell [‘28, Vocalion 1191].
‘Deed I Do (Hirsch, Rose) Introduced by Johnny Marvin [’27, Victor 200397], also a hit for Ruth Etting [‘27, Columbia 865]. Lena Horne had some succes with it in 1947 [MGM 10165].
RAY CHARLES AT NEWPORT
In a Little Spanish Town (Lewis, Wayne, Young) 1927 hit for Paul Whiteman, vocal by Jack Fulton [Victor 20266], the Cavaliers (aka Ben Selvin Orchestra) with vocal by Frank Harris (Irving Kaufman) [Columbia 805-D] and Sam Lanin, vocal by Irving Kaufman [Okeh 40740].
Blues Waltz (Roach) Max Roach Quintet [‘57, Jazz in ¾ Time Emarcy MG 36108], featuring Sonny Rollins and Kenny Dorham.
Sherry (Crawford) Hank Crawford played baritone sax for Charles’ band.
THE GENIUS OF RAY CHARLES
Let the Good Times Roll (Sam Theard, Fleecie Moore) Louis Jordan [‘46, Decca 23741].
It Had To Be You (Gus Kahn, Isham Jones) 1924 dance band tune by Isham Jones [Brunswick 2614], with vocal versions by Marion Harris [Brunswick 2610], Cliff Edwards [Perfect 12126 and Pathe 32047] and Aileen Stanley & Billy Murray [Victor 19373]. It was revived in 1944, featured in 2 films: Is Everybody Happy, sung by Nan Wynn, and Show Business, sung by Eddie Cantor, with hit recordings by Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes [Decca 23349], Betty Hutton [Capitol 155], and Artie Shaw [Victor 20-1593; also ‘41, Victor 27536].
Alexander’s Ragtime Band (Irving Berlin) First recorded in 1911 by Arthur Collins & Byron Harlan [Victor 16908, Columbia A-1032] and Billy Murray [Edison Amberol 817], with instrumental versions in 1912 by Prince’s Orchestra and the Victor Military Band. Other notable versions include Bessie Smith [‘27, Columbia 14219], the Boswell Sisters [‘35, Brunswick 7412, reissued in ‘38 on Vocalion 4239], and Louis Armstrong [‘37, Decca 1408]. It experienced a revival in 1938, sung by Alice Faye as the title song of a film, with hit recordings by Bing Crosby & Connee Boswell [Decca 1887], the Boswell Sisters [Vocalion 4239] and Ray Noble [Brunswick 8180].
Two Years of Torture (Percy Mayfield, Charles Joseph Morris) Recorded by Percy Mayfield in 1946/47 [Gru V Tone 102] and 1949 [Supreme 1543].
When Your Lover Has Gone (E.A. Swan) 1931 song introduced in the James Cagney film Blonde Crazy, with recordings by Gene Austin [Victor 22635] and Ethel Waters [Columbia 240-D].
Deed I Do (Walter Hirsch, Fred Rose) see above
Just For a Thrill (Lil Armstrong, Don Raye) Introduced in 1936 by Lil Armstrong [Decca 1182]. With Jimmy Dorsey’s version [‘39, Thesaurus 710 album? featuring Helen O’Connell], Don Raye was added as a co-writer.
You Won’t Let Me Go (Bud Allen, Buddy Johnson) Buddy Johnson [‘40, Decca 8518].
Tell Me You’ll Wait For Me (Charles Brown, Oscar Moore) Charles Brown/Oscar Moore with Three Blazes [‘44/’45, Atlas 107].
Don’t Let the Sun Catch You Cryin’ (Joe Greene) Louis Jordan [‘46, Decca 18818].
Am I Blue (Grant Clarke, Harry Akst) 1929 song featured in the film On With the Show, with recordings by Ethel Waters [Columbia 1837-D], Libby Holman [Brunswick 4445], Nat Shilkret featuring Don Howard [Victor 22004], Gay Ellis (Annette Hanshaw) [Harmony 940-H], and Jimmie Noone featuring May Alix [Vocalion 1296].
Come Rain or Come Shine (Johnny Mercer, Harold Arlen) Sung by Ruby Hill and Harold Nicholas is the 1946 show St. Louis Woman, and recorded by Margaret Whiting [Capitol 247] and Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes [Decca 23548].
RAY CHARLES IN PERSON
Frenesi (Alberto Dominguez, words by Ray Charles, S.K. Russell). 1939 Mexican song by Pedro Vargas with the Rafael de Paz orchestra, on Mexican Victor label; also by Lupita Palomera. 1940 hit for Artie Shaw [Victor 26542], Glenn Miller [Bluebird 10994], Woody Herman [Decca 3427] and Al Donahue [Okeh 5888].
SOUL MEETING (with Milt Jackson)
All titles by Charles or Jackson
THE GENIUS AFTER HOURS
Recycled tracks
THE GENIUS SINGS THE BLUES
Recycled tracks
Someday Baby (Worried Life Blues) (Merriweather) The song originated as ‘Someday Baby Blues’ by Sleepy John Estes [‘35, Champion 50038], and recorded by Big Maceo Merriweather [‘41, Bluebird 8827]. It is much-recorded under various names, such as ‘Trouble Blues’ by Charles Brown [‘49, Aladdin 3024] and ‘Trouble No More’ by Muddy Waters [‘56, Chess 1612].
Note: after he left Atlantic, most of his songs were written by others.
IMPULSE LP
GENIUS + SOUL = JAZZ
I’ve Got News For You (Ray Alfred) Woody Herman [‘47, Columbia 38213]
Moanin’ (Bobby Timmons) 1958 Art Blakey [Moanin‘, Blue Note BLP 4003]; Timmons was the pianist.
One Mint Julep (Randolph Toombs) The Clovers [‘52, Atlantic 45-963].
I’m Gonna Move to the Outskirts of Town (William Weldon, Roy Jacobs) Recorded in 1936 by Casey Bill Weldon [‘We Gonna Move to the Outskirts of Town’, Vocalion 03372]. Recorded also by Louis Jordan [‘41, Decca 8593], Jazz Gillum [‘42, ‘I‘m Gonna Leave You on the Outskirts of Town‘, Bluebird B9042], Big Bill Broonzy [‘42, Okeh 6651], Count Basie featuring Jimmy Rushing [‘42, Columbia 36601] and Jimmie Lunceford featuring Dan Grissom [‘42, Decca 18324].
Stompin’ Room Only (Howard Marks) Published in 1940; recorded by Charlie Spivak [‘46, Victor 20-2019].
Strike Up the Band (George & Ira Gershwin) Sung by Jim Townsend & Jerry Goff as title song to 1930 show. Recordings by Red Nichols [Brunswick 4695] and the Arden-Ohman Orchestra [Victor 22308].
Birth of the Blues (DeSylva, Brown, Henderson) Featured in the 1926 show George White’s Scandals of 1926, sung by Harry Richman [Vocalion 15412], with other recordings by Paul Whiteman [Victor 20138] and the Revelers [Victor 20111].
THE ABC-PARAMOUNT YEARS
THE GENIUS HITS THE ROAD
Alabamy Bound (DeSylva, Green, Henderson) 1925 song sung on stage by Al Jolson and Eddie Cantor, with successful recordings by Blossom Seeley [Columbia 304-D], Paul Whiteman [Victor 19557] and Isham Jones [Brunswick 2789].
Georgia On My Mind (Carmichael, Gorrell) was recorded by Hoagy Carmichael in 1930 [Victor 23013]. It has also been recorded by Frankie Trumbauer [’31, Brunswick 6159], Mildred Bailey [’32, Victor 22891 and ‘41, Decca 3691], Gene Krupa featuring Anita O’Day [‘41, Okeh 6118], Billie Holiday [’41, Okeh 6134].
Basin Street Blues (Williams) A much-recorded classic introduced by Louis Armstong’s Hot Fives [’28, Okeh 8690]. Other versions include the Charleston Chasers, featuring Jack Teagarden [‘31, Columbia 2415], Benny Goodman [‘34, Columbia 2914] and Bing Crosby & Connee Boswell [‘37, Decca 1483].
Mississippi Mud (Barris, Cavanaugh) 1928 hit for Paul Whiteman [‘27, Victor 20783 and ‘28, 21274], with other recordings by Frankie Trumbauer featuring Bing Crosby [Okeh 40979] and the Charleston Chasers featuring Scrappy Lambert [Columbia 1335-D].
Moonlight in Vermont (Blackburn, Suessdorf) A 1945 hit for Billy Butterfield, featuring Margaret Whiting [Capitol 182], recorded again by Whiting in 1954 [Capitol 2681]
New York’s My Home (Jenkins) Originally from a 1948 LP by Gordon Jenkins, Manhattan Tower [Decca DL8011]. He recorded it again in 1956 [Capitol T766], when it was also recorded by Patti Page [Manhattan Tower Mercury MG-20226] and Sammy Davis Jr. [Decca 30111].
California, Here I Come (DeSylva, Jolson, Meyer) 1924 hit for Al Jolson [Brunswick 25692], added to the show Bombo. Other versions by Paul Whiteman [Victor 19267], Georgie Price [Victor 19261], and the California Ramblers [Columbia 67].
Moon Over Miami (Burke, Leslie) 1936 hit for Eddy Duchin, feat. Lew Sherwood [Victor 25212], with other versions by Jan Garber feat. Lee Bennett [Decca 651], Lud Gluskin feat. Buddy Clark [Brunswick 7590] and Connee Boswell [Decca 657].
Deep in the Heart of Texas (Hershey, Swander) Featured, sung by Gene Autry [)keh 06643], in the 1942 film Heart of the Rio Grande. Pop hit versions by Alvino Rey [Bluebird 11391], Bing Crosby [Decca 4162], Horace Heidt [Columbia 36525] and the Merry Macs [Decca 4136].
Carry Me Back to Ole Virginny (Bland) Written in 1878 by James A. Bland, an African-American minstrel from New York, a graduate of Howard University. Recorded by Len Spencer in 1993, with a hit version by Alma Gluck in 1915 [Victor 88481].
Blue Hawaii (Rainger, Robin) A 1937 Bing Crosby number from Waikiki Wedding, written for the film [Decca 1175]. A Hawaiian version was recorded by Nebraska-born Harry Owens and his Royal Hawaiian Orchestra (according to Jacobs). Owens had written and recorded ‘Sweet Leilani’, picked up and included in the movie and the A-side of Crosby’s hit. Elvis Presley recorded it as a movie title song in 1961.
Chattanooga Choo Choo (Gordon, Warren) Big hit for Glenn Miller, featuring Tex Beneke and the Modernaires [Bluebird 11230], introduced by them in the 1941 film Sun Valley Serenade. Also recorded by the Andrews Sisters [Decca 4094].
DEDICATED TO YOU
Hard Hearted Hannah (Ager, Bates, Bigelow, Yellen) Sung by Frances Williams in the 1924 show Innocent Eyes. Recordings by Dolly Kay [Columbia 151], Belle Baker [Victor 19436], Cliff Edwards [Pathe 32054] and Paul Whiteman [Victor 19447].
Nancy (With the Laughing Face) (Silver, VanHeusen) Frank Sinatra song from 1945 [Columbia 36868].
Margie (Conrad, Davis, Robinson) Sung on stage by Eddie Cantor, recorded late 1920 by him [Emerson 10301] and the Original Dixieland Jazz Band [Victor 18717], a 1921 hit for both of them as well as for Ted Lewis [Columbia A-3351] and Frank Crumit [Columbia A-3332].
Ruby (Parish, Roemheld) Theme from the movie Ruby Gentry, popular 1953 song for Richard Hayman [Mercury 70115-X45], Les Baxter, Harry James, and Victor Young.
Rosetta (Hines, Woode) From the Earl Hines Orchestra [‘33, Columbia 35878], recorded throughout the years by many jazz artists.
Stella By Starlight (Washington, Young) Main theme to the 1944 ghost story movie The Uninvited, by Victor Young. Had some success in 1947 for Harry James [Columbia 37323] and a vocal version by Frank Sinatra [Columbia 37343].
Cherry (Gilbert, Redman) Originated with McKinney’s Cotton Pickers, featuring Don Redman [‘28, Victor 21730] with a 1944 revival by Harry James [Columbia 36683] and Erskine Hawkins, featuring Jimmy Mitchelle [Bluebird 30-0819].
Josephine (Burke Bivens, Gus Kahn, Wayne King) 1937 hit for Wayne King [Victor 25518], Tommy Dorsey [Victor 25676] and Sammy Kaye [Vocalion 3681], revived in 1951 by Les Paul [Capitol 1592] and in 1960 by Bill Black’s Combo [Hi 2022].
Candy (David, Kramer, Whitney) 1945 hit for Johnny Mercer and Jo Stafford with the Pied Pipers [Capitol 183], Dinah Shore [Victor 20-1632], Johnny Long featuring Dick Robinson [Decca 18661], the King Sisters [Victor 20-1633], and Jerry Wald featuring Kay Allen [Majestic 7134].
Marie (Berlin) A 1928 hit for Nat Shilkret, as the Troubadours, with Lewis James [Victor 21746], Rudy Vallee [Harmony 834-H] and Franklyn Baur [Victor 21787]. It was again a hit in 1937 for Tommy Dorsey, feat. Jack Lawrence [Victor 25523] and in 1954 for the Four Tunes [Jubilee 45-5128].
Diane (Pollack, Rapee) Played during the 1927 silent film Seventh Heaven, it was popular in 1928, recorded by several acts: Ben Selvin, as the Troubadours [Victor 21000], Franklyn Baur [Victor 21019], James Melton [Columbia 1206-D], Nathan Glantz [Banner 6101], Jesse Crawford [Victor 21146], and Sam Lanin [Okeh 40902].
Sweet Georgia Brown (Bernie, Casey, Pinkard) A 1925 hit for Ben Bernie [Vocalion 15002], Ethel Waters [Columbia 379-D] and Isham Jones [Brunswick 2913]; also Bing Crosby [‘32, Brunswick 6320] and Brother Bones & his Shadows [‘49, Tempo 652, adopted as the theme of the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team].
RAY CHARLES AND BETTY CARTER
Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye (Porter) From the unsuccessful 1944 show Seven Lively Arts; recorded by Benny Goodman, featuring Peggy Mann [‘45, Columbia 36767].
You and I (Willson) 1941 hit for Glenn Miller, featuring Ray Eberle [Bluebird 11215], Bing Crosby [Decca 3840], Tommy Dorsey featuring Frank Sinatra [Victor 27532] and Kay Kyser [Columbia 36244].
Goodbye (Gordon Jenkins) Itroduced on radio by Benny Goodman in 1934, his opening and closing radio theme, with a successful recording in 1936 [Victor 25215]. Recorded by Frank Sinatra [‘58, Only the Lonely Capitol].
We’ll Be Together Again (Carl Fischer, Frankie Laine) 1947 Frankie Laine song [Mercury 5091].
People Will Say We’re In Love (Hammerstein, Rodgers) Sung by Alfred Drake and Joan Roberts in 1943 musical Oklahoma!, with hit vesions by Bing Crosby [Decca 18564], Frank Sinatra [Columbia 36682] and Hal Goodman [Hit 7059].
Cocktails for Two (Coslow, Johnston) From 1934 film Murder at the Vanities, sung by Carl Brisson. A hit for the Duke Ellington orchestra [Victor 24617] and Johnny Green, featuring Howard Phillips [Brunswick 6797]. Famous novelty hit for Spike Jones & his City Slickers, featuring Carl Grayson, in 1945 [Victor 20-1628].
Side By Side (Woods) 1927 song, sung on stage by the Duncan Sisters, first recorded by Sam Lanin featuring Arthur Fields [Banner 1961 and many other releases of the same recording]. Hit versions by Cliff Edwards [Pefect 11640], Paul Whiteman [Victor 20627], Nick Lucas [Brinswick 3512] and Aileen Stanley & Johnny Marvin [Victor 20714]. Also a hit for Kay Starr in 1953 [Capitol 2334].
Baby, It’s Cold Outside (Loesser) Performed by Esther Williams and Ricardo Montalban in the 1949 film Neptune’s Daughter. Hit recordings by Johnny Mercer & Margaret Whiting [Capitol 567], Dinah Shore & Buddy Clark [Columbia 38463], Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Jordan [Decca 24644] and Sammy Kaye [RCA Victoe 20-3488], with a country novelty version by Homer & Jethro with June Carter [RCA Victor 21-0078].
Together (Brown, DeSylva, Henderson) - A hit in 1928: Cliff Edwards [Columbia 1295-D], Paul Whiteman [Victor 35883], Nick Lucas [Brunswick 3749] and Franklyn Baur [Victor 21220]; and again in 1944, featured in the film Since You Went Away: Helen Forrest & Dick Haymes [Decca 23349], Guy Lombardo [Decca 18617], and Dinah Shore [Victor 20-1594]; and in 1961 for Connie Francis [MGM 13019].
For All We Know (Coots, Lewis) 1934 song sung on stage and radio by Morton Downey, with popular recordings by Hal Kemp, featuring Skinnay Ennis [Brunswick 6947] and Isham Jones, featuring Joe Martin [Victor 24681].
Takes Two to Tango (Hoffman, Manning) 1952 hit for Pearl Bailey [Coral 60817] and Louis Armstrong [Decca 28394].
Alone Together (Dietz, Schwartz) Sung by Jean Sargent in the 1932 show Flying Colors, recorded by Leo Reisman, featuring Frank Luther [Victor 24131] and Victor Young, featuring Frank Munn [Brunswick 6382].
Just You, Just Me (Greer, Klages) Introduced by Marion Davies and Cliff Edwards in the 1929 film Marianne. Recorded by Edwards [Columbia 1907].
MODERN SOUNDS IN COUNTRY AND WESTERN MUSIC
Bye Bye Love (Bryant, Bryant) Everly Brothers hit [‘57, Cadence 1315]
You Don’t Know Me (Arnold, Walker) Eddy Arnold [‘56, RCA 6502], with a pop cover by Jerry Vale [Columbia 40710].
Half As Much (Williams) Hank Williams [‘52, MGM K11202], with pop covers by Rosemary Clooney [Columbia 39710] and Guy Lombardo, featuring Kenny Gardner [Decca 28271].
I Love You So Much It Hurts (Tillman) Country hit for Floyd Tillman [‘48, Columbia 20430] and Jimmy Wakely [‘48-’49 Capitol 15243], pop cover by the Mills Brothers [Decca 24550].
Just a Little Lovin’ (Will Go a Long Way) (Arnold, Clements) Eddy Arnold [‘48, RCA Victor 20-3013]., covered in 1952 by Eddie Fisher [RCA Victor 47-4680]
Born to Lose (Brown, Daffan) Ted Daffan’s Texans, vocal by Leon Seago [‘40, Okeh 6706].
Worried Mind (Ted Daffan, Jimmie Davis) Ted Daffan’s Texans, vocal by Chuck Keeshan [‘40, Okeh 05668]; also by Bob Wills, featuring Tommy Duncan [‘41, ‘New Worried Mind’ Okeh 06101].
It Makes No Difference Now (Davis, Tillman) 1938 country song: Jimmie Davis [Decca 5620], Cliff Bruner’s Texas Wanderers, featuring Dickie McBride [Decca 5604]. Pop cover by Bing Crosby [‘41, Decca 3590].
You Win Again (Williams) Hank Williams [‘52, MGM 11318], covered pop by Tommy Edwards [MGM 11326], also a country hit for Jerry Lee Lewis [‘58, Sun 281] and a minor pop/R&B hit for Fats Domino [‘62, Imperial 5816].
Careless Love (Handy, Koenig, Williams) The Rypens site states that this traditional and much-recorded blues was first published in a black folk collection in 1911, with an alternate title of ‘Kelly’s Love’, possibly associated with unrecorded New Orleans trumpeter Chris Kelly. W. C. Handy published the tune in 1921; he claimed to have heard it in 1892. Early recordings include Noble Sissle [’21, ‘Loveless Love’ Emerson 10357], James P. Johnson [‘21, ‘Loveless Love’, a piano roll], Katherine Handy with W.C. Handy’s Memphis Blues Band [’22, ‘Loveless Love’ Paramount 12011], Alberta Hunter [’23, ‘Loveless Love‘ Paramount 12019], and Bessie Smith [’25, ‘Careless Love Blues‘ Columbia 14083-D]. Bessie’s version used new lyrics by Martha Koenig and Spencer Williams and featured Louis Armstrong on cornet. Sissle also did a vocal version in 1931 with his Sizzling Syncopaters, featuring Sidney Bechet on clarinet [Brunswick 6073]. Country versions include Lester McFarland & Robert A. Gardner [‘26, Vocalion 5125], the Johnson Brothers [‘27, Victor 20940], Ernest V. Stoneman [’28, Edison 52386], Jimmy Tarlton [’30, Columbia 15651-D], Milton Brown, featuring Derwood Brown [’34, ’Loveless Love’ Bluebird BB B-5715] and Bob Wills, featuring Tommy Duncan [‘38, ‘Loveless Love’ Vocalion 04387]. There is a cajun recording ‘L’amour indifferent’ by Cleoma & Joe Falcon [‘36, Decca 17024].
I Can’t Stop Loving You (Gibson) was a B-side country hit for its writer, Don Gibson [‘58, RCA 7133], and also for Kitty Wells [Decca 30551
Hey, Good Lookin’ (Williams) Hank Williams [‘51, MGM K11000], pop cover by Frankie Laine & Jo Stafford [Columbia 4-39570].
RAY CHARLES’ GREATEST HITS
Them That Got (Ray Charles)
Unchain My Heart (Bobby Sharp)
The Danger Zone (Mayfield)
Hit the Road Jack (Mayfield) Percy Mayfield’s 1960 demo has been released on Specialty LP 7000.
I Wonder (Gant, Leveen) Pvt. Cecil Gant’s big hit from 1944-45 [Gilt-Edge 500], often recorded.
Sticks and Stones (Turner) A Titus Turner version from his early ’60s Enjoy sessions was eventually released on Collectibles LP 5160.
But on the Other Hand Baby (Mayfield, Charles)
MODERN SOUNDS IN COUNTRY AND WESTERN MUSIC (VOLUME TWO)
You Are My Sunshine (Davis, Mitchell) was first recorded by the Rice Brothers’ Gang [9/39, Decca 5763] (Paul Rice is actually the writer) and the Pine Ridge Boys [8/39, Bluebird B-8263] and Jimmie Davis [2/40, Decca 5813], who bought the rights to the song. It appeared in the 1940 film Take Me Back to Oklahoma, sung by Tex Ritter. Several versions charted: Gene Autry [‘41, Okeh 06274], Bing Crosby [Decca 3952] and Wayne King [Victor 26767]. The Ferko String Band had some chart action with it in 1955 [Media 1013]. This version is very similar to the release by Richard Berry & the Pharaohs [‘57, Flip 321 - the original A-side of ‘Louie Louie’].
No Letter Today (Daffan) Ted Daffan’s Texans, vocal by Chuck Keeshan and Leon Seago [‘40, Okeh 6706].
Someday (You’ll Want Me to Want You) (Jimmie Hodges) 1946 country hit for Elton Britt [Bluebird 33-0521], Gene Autry [Columbia 37079], and a novelty version by the Hoosier Hot Shots & Sally Foster [Decca 18738]. It was a pop hit in 1949 for Vaughn Monroe [RCA Victor 47-2986] and the Mills Brothers [Decca 24694].
Don’t Tell Me Your Troubles (Gibson) Don Gibson [‘59, RCA Victor 7566].
Midnight (Atkins, Bryant)
Oh, Lonesome Me (Gibson) Pop and country hit for Don Gibson [‘58, RCA Victor 7133].
Take These Chains From My Heart (Heath, Rose) A posthumous #1 country hit for Hank Williams [‘53, MGM 11479].
Your Cheatin’ Heart (Williams) A posthumous country hit for Hank Williams [‘53, MGM 11416], covered by Joni James [MGM 11428] and Frankie Laine [Columbia 39938].
I’ll Never Stand In Your Way (Heath, Rose) First recorded in 1953 by hillbilly singer Ernie Lee [MGM 11613] and pop singer Joni James [MGM11606]. Recorded by Elvis Presley on January 4, 1954. Also recorded by the Wilburn Brothers [‘60, The Big Heartbreak Decca LP DL 78959].
Making Believe (Work) 1955 country hit for Jimmy Work [Dot 1221] and Kitty Wells [Decca 29419]
Teardrops In My Heart (Vaughn Horton) Written in 1946. Charted for Sons of the Pioneers [‘47, RCA Victor 20-2276], also a single for Rex Allen [‘48, Mercury 6095]. Also on the Jim Reeves LP Jim Reeves [‘57, RCA Victor LPM-1576].
Hang Your Head In Shame (Nelson, Nelson, Rose) 1945 song which charted for Bob Wills [Okeh 6736] and Red Foley [Decca 6108].
INGREDIENTS IN A RECIPE FOR SOUL
Over the Rainbow (Arlen, Harburg) Classic introduced in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz by Judy Garland [Decca 2672]; other popular recordings at the time were by Glenn Miller [Bluebird 10366], Bob Crosby [Decca 2657] and Larry Clinton [Victor 26174].
Ol’ Man Time (Cliff Friend) Also a single for Jimmy Durante [‘64, Warner 5483]
In the Evening (When the Sun Goes Down) (Leroy Carr) Popular 1935 blues by Leroy Carr & Scrapper Blackwell [‘35, ‘When the Sun Goes Down’, Bluebird B5877]. Revived in 1949 as ‘In the Evening’ by the Charles Brown Trio [Aladdin 3030] and Jimmy Witherspoon, with Jay McShann’s Orchestra [Supreme 1533] (The Rypens website considers Robert Johnson’s ‘Love in Vain’ [’37, Vocalion 04630] to be a version of this song.]
Busted (Howard) Originally from the Burl Ives LP Burl [‘62, Decca DL 4361], charted country by Johnny Cash with the Carter Family [‘63, Colum.bia 42665].
A Stranger in Town (Mel Torme) Mel Tormé [‘44, Decca 18653, and ‘51, Capitol 2529]
That Lucky Old Sun (Gillespie, Smith) was a hit in 1949 for Frankie Laine [Mercury 5316], Vaughn Monroe [RCA Victor 20-3531], Louis Armstrong [Decca 24752], Sarah Vaughan [Columbia 38559], and Frank Sinatra [Columbia 38608]. (This song also formed the basis of the gospel hit ‘Walk Around Heaven All Day’ by the Caravans [‘64, Vee Jay 945].)
Born to Be Blue (Mel Torme, Wells) Mel Tormé [‘46, Musicraft 397]
Where Can I Go? (S. Berland, Leonard M. Fuld, Sonny Miller) Yiddish song ‘Vi Ahin Zol Ich Gehn?’, recorded in 1949 in Yiddish and in English by Leo Fuld, ‘The King of Yiddish Music’, a Dutch-born American citizen. (One detailed website says that the text is adapted from Korntayer, and the melody is identical to one by Oscar Strok.) Recorded by Ruth Brown [‘50, Atlantic 907], and later by Steve Lawrence [’65, Columbia 43303].
Ol’ Man River (Hammerstein, Kern) was featured in the ’28 show ’Show Boat’, sung by Jules Bledsoe. It was recorded by Paul Whiteman [Victor 21218 with Bing Crosby, Victor 35912 with Paul Robeson], the Revelers [Victor 21241], and Al Jolson [Brunswick 3867]. There were versions by Luis Russell [‘34, Perfect 15995], the Golden Gate Quartet [‘39, Bluebird 8190] and the Ravens [‘47, National 9035].
You’ll Never Walk Alone (Hammerstein, Rodgers) From 1945 musical Carousel; first recording was by Frank Sinatra [Columbia 36825]. Others by Judy Garland [‘46, Decca 23539], Roy Hamilton [‘54, Epic 9015], Mahalia Jackson [‘54, Columbia 40473], Patti LaBelle & the Bluebells [‘63, Nicetown 5020, also released on Parkway 896], Gerry & the Pacemakers [‘63, Columbia in UK]
Singles:
No One (Pomus, Shuman) was recorded by Connie Francis [‘61, MGM 12971].
Without Love (There Is Nothing) (Small) charted for Clyde McPhatter [‘57, Atlantic 1117]
My Heart Cries For You - (Faith, Sigman) An 18th century French song, ‘La chanson de Marie Antoinette’, copyrighted in 1927 (as ‘Marie Antoinette’s Song’) and recorded in 1938 by Lily Pons with Frank LaForge’s Orchestra [Victor]. A hit for Guy Mitchell in 1951 [Columbia 4-39067], with competing versions by Dinah Shore, Vic Damone, Jimmy Wakely, Bill Farrell, Al Morgan, Evelyn Knight & Red Foley, Victor Young, and an R&B version by Dinah Washington [Mercury 8209-X45].
SWEET AND SOUR TEARS
Cry (Kohlman) Big 1951 hit by Johnny Ray & the Four Lads [Okeh 4-6840], recorded earlier in the year by torch singer Ruth Casey [Cadilac]. Other versions by Georgia Gibbs, Eileen Barton, Four Knights; parody ‘Try’ by Stan Freberg
Guess I’ll Hang My Tears Out to Dry (Cahn, Styne) From the 1944 Broadway musical Glad to See You, charting for Harry James, featuring Kitty Kallen [Columbia 36778], also popularized by Dinah Shore. Recorded by Frank Sinatra in 1946 [Columbia 38474] and again in 1958 [Capitol LP Only the Lonely].
A Tear Fell (Burton, Randolph) - Ivory Joe Hunter song [‘56, Atlantic 1086], covered by Teresa Brewer [‘56, Coral 61590].
No One to Cry To (Sid Robin, Foy Willing) Sons of the Pioneers [‘46, RCA Victor 20-1868] and Foy Willing [‘48, Decca 46088].
You’ve Got Me Crying Again (Isham Jones, Charles Newman) 1933 song by Ruth Etting [Perfect 12904 etc.; also on stage and radio], Bing Crosby [Brunswick 6515], Isham Jones, featuring Joe Martin [Victor 24255] and Hal Kemp, featuring Skinnay Ennis [Brunswick 6528; and in ‘39, featuring Bob Allen Victor 26165].
After My Laughter Came Tears (Tobias, Turk) 1928 song by the Virginians [Victor 21219-A] and Cliff Edwards [Columbia 1254]. Later versions by Nat King Cole [‘50, capitol ET-467] and Big Joe Turner [‘51, Atlantic 939].
Teardrops From My Eyes (Toombs) Big R&B hit in 1950 for Ruth Brown [Atlantic 919].
Don’t Cry Baby (Bernie, Johnson, Unger) 1943 hit for Erskine Hawkins, featuring Jimmy Mitchelle [Bluebird 30-0813], revived by Etta James [‘61, Argo 5393].
Cry Me a River (Hamilton) A hit for Julie London [‘55, Liberty 55006].
Baby, Don’t You Cry (Buddy Johnson, Ned Washington) 1943 R&B hit for Buddy Johnson, featuring Warren Evans [Decca 8632].
Willow Weep For Me (Ronell) 1932 song that was sung on stage and radio by Ruth Etting, and recorded by Paul Whiteman, Irene Taylor vocal [Victor 24187] and Ted FioRito, Muzzy Marcellino vocal [Brunswick 6422]. It has also been recorded by Billie Holiday [‘54, Clef 89141], Frank Sinatra [‘58, Only the Lonely Capitol 1053] and Nina Simone [‘59, Colpix 124].
I Cried For You (Arnheim, Freed, Lyman) 1923 song performed on stage by Blossom Seeley, Belle Baker and Cliff Edwards, with recordings by the Collegians [Victor 19093] and Bennie Krueger [Brunswick 2453]. Revived in 1939 when sung by Judy Garland in the film Babes in Arms, with recordings by Glen Gray, featuring Kenny Sargent [Decca 1864], Bing Crosby [Decca 2273] and Bunny Berigan, featuring Kathleen Love [Victor 26116]; also charted briefly for Harry James, featuring Helen Forrest [‘42, Columbia 36623].
HAVE A SMILE WITH ME
Smack Dab in the Middle (Calhoun) 1955 song recorded by Charles Calhoun (an alias for Jesse Stone) [MGM 11989], the Jacks [RPM 428], and Count Basie featuring Joe Williams [‘56, Verve 89169].
Feudin’ and Fightin’ (Dubin, Lane) 1947 hit for Dorothy Shay [Columbia 37189], Jo Stafford [Capitol 443], and Bing Crosby [Decca 23975].
Two Ton Tessie (From Tennessee) (Hardman, Turk) First recorded by Mickey Guy’s Hottentots [‘26, Pathe Actuelle 36478]. Adopted as theme song for Welsh music hall entertainter Tessie O’Shea in the ‘30s [‘33]. Also recorded by Tiny Hill [‘40, Okeh 5674] and the Ames Brothers ‘63, Knees Up! Mother Brown Epic LN 24069]
I Never See Maggie Alone (Nicholls, Tilsley) Recorded in 1927 by Irving Aaronson, featuring Phil Saxe [Victor 20473], revived in 1949 by Kenny Roberts [Cotal 64012] and Art Mooney, featuring Tex Fletcher [MGM 10548].
Move It On Over (Williams) 1947 Hank Williams song [MGM 10033].
Ma (She’s Making Eyes at Me) (Clare, Conrad) 1921 song added to the revue The Midnight Rounders`of 1921, performed by Eddie Cantor. Popular versions by the Benson Orchestra [Victor 18819], Furman & Nash [Columbia A-3445] and Ted`Lewis [Columbia A-3473]. Revived by Dick Robertson in 1940 [Decca 2920].
The Thing (Grean) 1950 novelty hit for Phil Harris [RCA Victor 47-3968]. Uses melody from traditional ‘The Tailor’s Boy’, also charted for Arthur Godfrey, the Ames Brothers.
The Man With the Weird Beard (Drake, Hoffman, Livingston) Arthur Godfrey [‘47, Columbia 38537]
The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane (Bennett, Tepper) 1954-55 hit by the Ames Brothers [RCA 5897] and the Archie Bleyer Chorus [Cadence 1254].
Who Cares (For Me) (Gibson) Country hit for Don Gibson [‘59, RCA Victor 7437].
LIVE IN CONCERT
Hide Nor Hair (Mayfield)
Makin’ Whoopee (Donaldson, Kahn) Featured in 1929 Whoopee, sung in the show by Eddie Cantor [Victor 21831]; also successful for Paul Whiteman [Columbia 1683-D] and Ben Bernie, featuring Scrappy Lambert [Brunswick 4142]
Don’t Set Me Free (Teddy Powell, Bobby Sharp) Sharp is really the writer, Powell is his publisher.
COUNTRY & WESTERN MEETS RHYTHM & BLUES
Together Again (Owens) was a country hit for Buck Owens [‘64, Capitol 5136].
I Like to Hear It Sometime (Joe Edwards)
I’ve Got a Tiger By the Tail (Buck Owens, Harlan Howard) Buck Owens [‘65, Capitol 5336]
Please Forgive and Forget (Ray Charles) From film Ballad in Blue.
I Don’t Care (Buck Owens) Buck Owens [‘64, Capitol 5240]
Next Door to the Blues (Pearl Woods, Leroy Kirkland, Freddy Johnson) Etta James [‘62, Argo 5424]
Blue Moon of Kentucky (Bill Monroe) One of the best-known songs by bluegrass pioneer Bill Monroe. [9/16/46, Columbia 37888], also recorded by Elvis Presley [‘54, Sun 209].
Light Out of Darkness (Ray Charles) From film Ballad in Blue.
Maybe It’s Nothing At All (Joe Edwards)
All Night Long Aretha Franklin has a song with this title on her first LP, written by C. Lewis, but I don’t know if this is the same song.
Don’t Let Her Know (Buck Owens, Don Rich, Bonnie Owens) Buck Owens B-side [‘64, Capitol 5240]
Watch It Baby (Percy Mayfield)
CRYING TIME
Crying Time (Owens) is from the Buck Owens LP I’ve Got a Tiger By the Tail [‘65, Capitol 2283, and B side of single 5136].
No Use Crying (Daniels, Gaines, Kober) This appears on a collection of George Jones songs from his Starday and Mercury years, although I can’t find it in a complete listing of singles and album tracks. ’No Use to Cry’ was on the George Jones LP White Lightning [‘59, Mercury MG-20477], but I don’t know if it is the same song.
Let’s Go Get Stoned (Josephine Armstead, Nikolas Ashford, Valerie Simpson) Before Charles, it was recorded by the Coasters [’65, Atco 6356], Ronnie Millsap [’65, Scepter 12109] and Manfred Mann [‘65, Br. EP No Living Without Loving, HMV 7EG 8922, and ‘66 U.S. LP Pretty Flamingo, United Artists UAL 3549].
Going Down Slow (Jimmy Oden) St. Louis Jimmy (Oden) [‘41, Bluebird B8889; ‘47, Bullet 270; ‘56, Parrot 823; ‘New Going Down Slow‘, ‘45 Black & White 106], a much-recorded blues classic. Previously recorded by Charles in 1950 as ‘I’ve Had My Fun’ [Swing Time 215].
Peace of Mind (Ray Charles, J. Holiday)
Tears (Norman Newell, Robert Maxwell) I can’t find a previous version
Drifting Blues (Charles Brown, Johnny Moore, Edward Williams) A much-recorded blues by Johnny Moore’s Three Blazers, featuring Charles Brown [‘46, Philo 112].
We Don’t See Eye to Eye (Percy Mayfield)
You’re In For a Big Surprise (Percy Mayfield)
You’re Just About to Lose Your Clown (Johnny MacRae) Published in ‘63
Don’t You Think I Ought to Know (Johnson, Wettergreen) charted R&B in ‘47 for Bill Johnson, featuring Gus Gordon; also recorded by Ella Fitzgerald [Decca 24157] and Hadda Brooks [Modern 155]
You’ve Got a Problem (Williams Weeks, Freddy James) Published in ‘63