Number Ones:
The Twist - Chubby Checker [Parkway 811] (Ballard) had reached number one in 1960 also, in the same version.
I Can’t Stop Loving You - Ray Charles [ABC Paramount 10330] (Gibson) was a B-side country hit for its writer, Don Gibson [‘58, RCA 7133], and also for Kitty Wells [Decca 30551]. It was also recorded by Roy Orbison on his LP Lonely and Blue [‘61, Monument M-4002]. It became a country #1 for [[#|Conway Twitty]] in 1972 [Decca 32988].
Roses Are Red (My Love) - Bobby Vinton [Epic 9509] (Byron, Evans) was demoed by Paul Evans in 1959. (The recording of the same name by the Tokens under the name of Darrell & the Oxfords [Roulette 4174] is not the same song.)
Stranger on the Shore - Mr. Acker Bilk [Atco 6217] (Bilk, Mellon), formerly known as ‘Jenny’, was the title song to a British TV show. Vocal versions charted by Andy Williams [Columbia 42451] and the Drifters [Atlantic 2143].
Johnny Angel - Shelley Fabares [Colpix 621] (Pockriss, Duddy) was first recorded by Georgia Lee [‘60, Decca 31075] and Laurie Loman [‘60, ABC Paramount 10108].
[[#|The Lion Sleeps Tonight]] - Tokens [RCA 7954] (Linda, Campbell, Weiss, Peretti, Creatore, Irene, Stanton] is originally a Zulu song recorded in 1939 by Solomon Linda, as ‘Mbube’ on Singer. It was picked up by the Weavers in 1952 and recorded as ‘Wimoweh’ [Decca 27928]. The Kingston Trio recorded it on their LP From the Hungry I [‘59, Capitol 1107], and Miriam Makeba recorded in (in Xhosa?) on her 1960 self-titled debut LP [RCA SP 2267]. The Tokens’ version added English-language verses, and this version of the song was remade for a hit by Robert John [‘72, Atlantic 2846].
He’s a Rebel - Crystals [Philles 106] (Pitney) was recorded simultaneously by Vikki Carr [Liberty 55493]. The Crystals’ version was actually recorded by the Blossoms - Darlene Love lead, with Bob B. Soxx and Gloria Jones (according to Rypens).
Sheila - Tommy Roe [ABC-Paramount 10329] (Roe) was recorded previously in a different version by Tommy Roe & the Satins [‘60, Judd 1022].
Number Twos:
Limbo Rock - Chubby Checker [Parkway 849] (Sheldon, Strange) was originally an instrumental by the Champs [‘62, Challenge 9162].
Return to Sender - Elvis Presley [RCA 8100] (Blackwell, Scott) is from the film Girls! Girls! Girls!
Can’t Help Falling in Love - Elvis Presley [RCA 7968] (Peretti, Weiss, Creatore) is from the film [[#|Blue Hawaii]]. The main chorus is based on the 18th century French song ‘Plaisir d’Amour’ written by Jean-Paul Martini (sung by Joan Baez on 1961‘s Joan Baez 2). Several revival versions have charted (Al Martino [2/70, Capitol 2746], Andy Williams [2/70, Columbia 45094], Montreal native Corey Hart [12/86, EMI America 8368], and British reggae group UB40 [5/93, Virgin 12653]).
Midnight in Moscow - Kenny Ball [Kapp 442] (Ball, Burgers) is the Russian tune ‘Padmaskovniye Vyechera’ or ‘Moscow Evenings’. It appeared on Theodore Bikel’s album Songs of Russia Old and New [‘60, Elektra EKL-185].
You Don’t Know Me - Ray Charles [ABC Paramount 10345] (Walker, Arnold) is the 1956 country song.
Top Fives:
All Alone Am I - Brenda Lee [Decca 31424] (Altman, Hadjidakis) is a Greek song sung by Jenny Karezi in the Dimitri Dadiros film Island of the Brave [1959]. ‘Men ton rotas ton ourano’ or ‘Don’t Ask the Sky’ was recorded by Mary Lo [1959]; an instrumental version appeared on the U.S. album Dancing on Sunday, a sequel to the hit album ‘Never on Sunday’ [‘61, United Artists UAS 6146]; the arranger/conducter, Dmitri ‘Mimi’ Plessas, is identified in small print.
Sealed With a Kiss - Brian Hyland [ABC Paramount 10336] (Geld, Udell) was first recorded by the Four Voices [‘60, Columbia 41699]. It later charted for Gary Lewis & the Playboys [‘68, Liberty 56037] and Bobby Vinton [‘72, Epic 10861]. A demo by Bernie Knee appears on the Before They Were Hits series.
(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance - Gene Pitney [Musicor 1020] (Bacharach, David) was originally a single for the Fairmount Singers [‘62, Dot 16340].
She Cried - Jay & the Americans [United Artists 415] (Richards, Daryll) was a single for its co-writer Teddy Daryll [‘61, Utopia 501].
I Remember You - Frank Ifield [Vee Jay 457] (Mercer, Schertzinger) sung by Dorothy Lamour in the 1942 film The Fleet’s In. Recorded versions were by Jimmy Dorsey, with Bob Eberly [Decca 4132] and Harry James, with Helen Forrest [Columbia 36518].
Love Letters - Ketty Lester [Era 3068] (Heyman, Young) was introduced in the 1945 film of the same name, and popularized by Dick Haymes [10/45, Decca 18699]. Lester’s version supplied the blueprint for Elvis’ version [‘66, RCA 47-8870].
Top Tens:
Patches - Dickey Lee [Smash 1758] (Mann, Kolber) was originally recorded by Jimmy Isle [‘60, Everest 19383].
Speedy Gonzalez - Pat Boone [Dot 16368] (Kaye, Lee, Hill) was also released by David Dante [‘62, RCA 8056].
Gina - Johnny Mathis [Columbia 42582] (Paul Vance, Leon Carr) was originally by Johnny Janis [‘60, Columbia 4-41797].
Shout - Part I - Joey Dee & the Starliters [Roulette 4416] (Isley, Isley, Isley) was a 1959 song for the Isley Brothers [RCA Victor 47-7588]. It was a hit in England for Lulu & the Luvers in 1964 [Parrot 9678].
Al Di La - Emilio Pericola [Warner 5259] (Drake, Rapetti, Donida) is a San Remo Festival entry from 1961, sung by Luciano Tajoli and Betty Curtis. This version was featured in the film Rome Adventure.
Lover Please - Clyde McPhatter [Mercury 79141] (Swan) was recorded by high school friends of Billy Swan as the Rhythm Steppers [‘60, LOUIS 103].
When I Fall in Love - Lettermen [Capitol 4658] (Young, Heyman) is from the 1952 film One Minute to Zero. Its first charting version was by Doris Day [‘52, Columbia 39768]. It is also well known from Nat King Cole’s LP Love Is the Thing [‘57, Capitol 824].
You Are My Sunshine - Ray Charles [ABC Paramount 10375] (Davis, Mitchell) was first recorded by the Rice Brothers’ Gang [9/39, Decca 5763] (Paul Rice is actually the writer) and the Pine Ridge Boys [8/39, Bluebird B-8263] and Jimmie Davis [2/40, Decca 5813], who bought the rights to the song. It appeared in the 1940 film Take Me Back to Oklahoma, sung by Tex Ritter. Several versions charted: Gene Autry [‘41, Okeh 06274], Bing Crosby [Decca 3952] and Wayne King [Victor 26767]. The Ferko String Band had some chart action with it in 1955 [Media 1013]. This version is very similar to the release by Richard Berry & the Pharaohs [‘57, Flip 321 - the original A-side of ‘Louie Louie’]. The Small Faces quote some of the lyrics (as well as some lyrics to ‘Think’ by the 5 Royales) in ‘Come On Children’ from their first LP [‘66, Decca LK 4790].
Venus in Blue Jeans - Jimmy Clanton [Ace 8001] (Greenfield, Keller) was originally by Bruce Bruno [‘62, Roulette 4427].
You Belong to Me - Duprees [Coed 569] (King, Stewart, Price) is a 1952 song in several versions. Sue Thompson [Mercury 6407] may have been the first; Jo Stafford [Columbia 39811], Patti Page [Mercury 5899] and Dean Martin [Capitol 2165] had hit versions. (Rypens reports a 1952 version by its writers, Pee Wee King with Redd Stewart, but I can’t find evidence of it.)
Release Me - ‘Little Esther’ Phillips [Lenox 5555] (Miller, Williams, Young) was recorded in 1949 by its writer, Eddie Miller [4 Star/Rainbow; the B-side of ‘Motel Time’, according to Rypens]. There were three 1954 country hit versions: Jimmy Heap, feat. Perk Williams [Capitol 2518], Ray Price [Columbia 21214], Kitty Wells [Decca 29023]. It later was a hit for Engelbert Humperdinck [‘67, Parrot 40011].
A Little Bitty Tear - Burl Ives [Decca 31330] (Cochran) was originally a single for Ray Sanders [‘60, Liberty 55267].
Twist, Twist Senora - Gary U.S. Bonds [Legrand 1018] (Guida, Barge, Royster) has a melody based on the calypso song ‘Calypso Behind the Wall’ by Growler (Errol Duke) [’38, in Trinidad]. It was subsequently recorded by Lord Kitchener [‘45, ‘Jump in the Line’], Lord Invader [‘48, ‘Labor Day’], and Bahamian group Blind Blake (Blake Alphonso Higgs) & the Royal Victoria Hotel Calypso Orchestra A Second Album of Bahamian Songs [‘52, ‘Jump in the Line’ Art ALP-4]. It was recorded by Woody Herman’s band in the same year, on the LP Dance Date on Mars [Mars MRLP-1]. Another calypso version was released, as ’Shake Shake Senora’, by Lord Flea (Norman Thomas) and the Calypsonians [‘57, Capitol LP T-842 Swingin’ Calypsos and single 3059]. A folk version by Bahamian Joseph Spence, recorded in 1958, was released in 1959 on Folkways FS 3844. Harry Belafonte’s version of ‘Jump in the Line’ is from the 1961 LP Jump Up Calypso [RCA Victor 2388], and was featured in the 1988 movie Beetlejuice..
That’s Old Fashioned - Everly Brothers [Warner 5273] (Giant, Baum, Kaye) was originally recorded by not released by the Chordettes [‘59, Cadence].
The Cha-Cha-Cha Bobby Rydell [Cameo 228] (Mann, Appell) is based on Dave ‘Baby’ Cortez’ ‘Rinky Dink’ [‘62, Julia/Ches 1829].
If I Had a Hammer - Peter, Paul & Mary [Warner 5296] (Seeger, Hayes) ‘The Hammer Song’ was recorded by the Weavers [‘49, Charters] but not released. It was published in Sing Out! magazine in 1950, its first issue. Libby Frank in 1952 insisted on a change in the lyrics. Seeger recorded it for Folkways in 1956 on Love Songs of Friends and Foes [F 2453]. It was on the Limeliters’ self-titled debut [‘60, Elektra EKL-180]. It was again a hit in 1963 for Trini Lopez [Reprise 20, 198].
Theme from Dr. Kildare (Three Stars Will Shine Tonight) - Richard Chamberlain [MGM 13075] (Winn, Goldsmith, Rugolo) is the theme to the TV show, sung by the star.
Top Twenties:
White Christmas - Bing Crosby [Decca 23778] (Berlin) is a reissue of the holiday hit from Holiday Inn that charted regularly since it first hit [‘42, Decca 18429]. Bing Crosby’s recording was one of the biggest sellers of all time [10/42, Decca 18429], and it was recorded by numerous others, including Frank Sinatra [‘44, Columbia 36756] and the Ink Spots [‘47, Decca 24140]. A version by the Ravens made the R&B charts [12/48, National 9062], but the biggest R&B version was by Clyde McPhatter and the Drifters [12/55, Atlantic 1048].
Cotton Fields - Highwaymen [United Artists 370] (Ledbetter) was performed on the radio by Leadbelly in 1941, and recorded for Folkways in 1947 [‘51, Rock Island Line: Leadbelly Legacy Vol. 2 FA 2014]. It was recorded on Odetta and Larry in 1955 [‘Old Cotton Fields at Home’ Fantasy 3252], in 1957 in England by the Chas. McDevitt Skiffle Group [‘The Cotton Song’ Oriole CB 1352], and in 1958 by Harry Belafonte [Belafonte Sings the Blues, RCA Victor 1006]. It was included in the 1969 Beach Boys LP 20/20 [Capitol 133] and released as a single in the U.K., where it became a hit in 1970.
My Own True Love - Duprees [Coed 571] (Steiner, David) is ‘Tara’s Theme’ from the 1939 movie Gone With the Wind. It had several versions recorded in 1954 as ‘My Own True Love’: Leroy Holmes [MGM 11854], Johnny Desmond [Coral 61301], and Margaret Whiting [Capitol F2996]. Jimmy Clanton scored a mild hit with it in 1959 [Ace 567]. (Note: there is another ‘My Own True Love’, written by Livingston and Evans, the title song of a 1948 film. Margaret Whiting recorded this song also, on Capitol 15278].
A Swingin’ Safari - Billy Vaughn [Dot 16374] (Kaempfert) was from Bert Kaempfert’s LP That Happy Feeling [Decca DL 4305]; it became the theme song for TV’s Match Game.
(Girls, Girls, Girls) Made to Love - Eddie Hodges [Cadence 1421] (P. Everly) is from the 1960 LP A Date with the Everly Brothers [Warner 1395].
‘Til - Angels [Caprice 107] (Sigman, Danvers (aka Sananes)) is the song ‘Till’ from 1957, which charted first for Percy Faith [Columbia 40826] and then Roger Williams [Kapp 197]. It was a single for Tony Bennett in 1960 [Columbia 41770], and later charted for the Vogues [‘68, Reprise 0788] and, especially in the U.K., Tom Jones [‘71, Parrot 40067].
Desafinado - Stan Getz & Charlie Byrd [Verve 10260] (Jobim) was a Brazilian song which spearheaded the bossa nova movement, also known as ‘Off Key‘ or ‘Slightly Out of Tune.’ Written by Antonio Carlos Jobim, it was a 1958 single for João Gilberto. It was recorded by Dizzy Gillespie around the same time as the Getz-Byrd recording [‘62, Dizzy on the French Riviera Phillips PHM 200-048]; there is also a live Gillespie recording from September 1961. It has been recorded many times since; Jobim recorded it in the U.S. in 1963 [The Composer of Desafinado Plays Verve LP 8547]. Pat Thomas [‘62, MGM 13102] and Julie London [‘62, Liberty 55512] had early vocal versions, and Lambert, Hendricks & Bevan Live at Basin Street East [‘63, RCA LP 2635] has a vocal version by the man who supplied the English lyrics (Hendricks).
Irresistible You - Bobby Darin [Atco 6214] (Kasha, Dixon) was originally by Bobby Peterson [‘60, ‘Irresistable You’ V-Tone 214].
I Sold My Heart to the Junkman - Blue-Belles [Newtown 5000] (Rene, Rene) originated with the Basin Street Boys [‘46, Exclusive 225], and has also been done by Etta Jones [‘47, Victor 20-2231], Dinah Washington [’48, Mercury 8095], the Four Tunes [‘54, Jubilee 5174] and the Silhouettes [’57, Junior 396 and Ace 552]. This version, although credited to Patti LaBelle’s Blue-Belles, was really a group called the Starlets.
Follow That Dream - Elvis Presley [RCA 4368 EP] is a movie title song.
Tuff - Ace Cannon [Hi 2040] (Cannon) originated as ‘Cattywampus’ by Bill Justis [‘58, Phillips 325].
Twist and Shout - Isley Brothers [Wand 124] (Medley, Russell) was originally bu the Top Notes [‘61, Atlantic 2115], and is said to be based on ‘La Bamba‘. It was done by the Beatles on their debut album Please Please Me [‘63] and became a #2 single when released in the U.S. [‘64, Tollie 9001] and charted again in 1986 when it was featured in the film Ferris Bueller’s Day Off [Capitol 5624]. It was a hit in the U.K. in 1963 by Brian Poole & the Tremeloes [Decca F11694].
What Kind of Fool Am I - Sammy Davis, Jr. [Bricusse, Newley] was sung by Anthony Newley in the British musical Stop the World - I Want to Get Off [‘61, Decca F11376].
Soul Twist - King Curtis [Enjoy 1000] (Ousley) began as ‘Jay Walk’ by the King Curtis Combo [‘61, Alcor 016/Everest 19406].
Come Back Silly Girl - Lettermen [Capitol 4699] (Mann) was first done by Steve Lawrence [‘60, ABC Paramount 10146].
Send Me the Pillow You Dream On- Johnny Tillotson [Cadence 1424] (Locklin) was a country hit for Hank Locklin in 1949 (4 Star 1360) although it did not officially chart because the Country chart at the time was only a Top Ten. Locklin's later recording [‘58, RCA 7127] was a much bigger Country hit. The song also charted Pop and Country for The Browns ('60, RCA 7804) and later was a Pop hit for Dean Martin [‘65, Reprise 0344].
What Kind of Love Is This - Joey Dee & the Starliters [Roulette 4438] (Nash) apparently wasn’t released by its writer until the following year [‘63, Groove 58-0021].
I Left My Heart in San Francisco - Tony Bennett [Columbia 42332] (Cross, Cory) was written in 1954 for San Francisco diva Claramae Turner, who sang it on stage but never recorded it.
Shadrack - Brook Benton [Mercury 71912] (MacGimsey) According to Whitburn, this was written in 1931 as ‘Shadrach, Meshach, Abednago’. Although it apparently wasn‘t recorded by an African-American gospel group before World War II, it was recorded by Louis Armstrong [’38, Decca 1913], who also performed it at Carnegie Hall in December with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. MacGimpsay did some recording of gospel songs for the Library of Congress in 1941. This song was recorded by the Golden Gate Quartet [‘46, Columbia 37236] and the Larks [’52, Apollo 1189].
Silver Threads and Golden Needles - Springfields [Philips 40038] (Reynolds, Rhodes) is a country song originally done by Wanda Jackson [‘56, Capitol F3575] and in 1962 by Hawkshaw Hawkins [King 5692]. (One of the Springfields is Dusty.)
I’ve Got a Woman (Part I) - Jimmy McGriff [Sue 770] (Charles, Richard) was adapted by Ray Charles from the gospel song ‘I’ve Got a Savior’ by the Bailey Gospel Singers [’51, Columbia 30240], or more likely, from the similar ‘It Must Be Jesus‘ by the Southern Tones [’54, Duke 205], and was his breakthrough hit, #1 in the R&B charts [11/18/54, Atlantic 1050].
Top Thirties :
Where Have All the Flowers Gone - Kingston Trio [Capitol 4671] (Seeger), with a tune borrowed from an Irish-American lumberjack song, was recorded by Pete Seeger in 1956 for the LP Rainbow Quest, which wasn’t released until 1960 [Folkways F2454]; further verses were added by Joe Hickerson. The lyrics are based on a Ukrainian folk song referenced in Mikhail Sholokhov’s novel And Quiet Flows the Don [’32]. Peter, Paul & Mary also recorded it in 1962 on their self-titled debut LP [Warner 1449]. It charted for Johnny Rivers in 1965 [Imperial 66133].
Walk on the Wild Side Part 1 - Jimmy Smith [Verve 10255] (Bernstein, David) is a ovie title song, and also charted for Brook Benton [Mercury 71925].
Love Me Tender - Richard Chamberlain [MGM 13097] (Presley, Matson) is the Elvis hit (see 1956).
Small Sad Sam - Phil McLean [Versatile 107] (Deane, Skylar) is a parody of ‘Big Bad John’ by Jimmy Dean [‘61, Columbia 42175].
Jingle Bell Rock - Bobby Rydell / Chubby Checker [Cameo 205] (Beal, Boothe) was originally by Bobby Helms [‘57, Decca 30513].
Twistin’ Matilda - Jimmy Soul [S.P.W.R. 3300] (Guida) is based on ‘Matilda’ by King Radio (Norman Span) [‘38, Decca]. An earlier similar song is ‘Sweet Charlie’ by Sam Manning [‘28, Okeh], covered as ‘Oh, Miss Lida’ by Cuban Don Barreto [‘32, Columbia] (according to Rypens). Other calypso recordings include Calypso Eddie [‘40s], the Duke of Iron [‘46], Sir Lancelot & Chino Ortiz [50s], and Lord Composer & the Silver Seas Orchestra [50s]. Harry Belafonte recorded it in 1953 as ‘Matilda, Matilda’ [‘53, 47-5311], with a longer version on his ‘56 LP Belafonte [‘Matilda’ RCA Victor 1150], and on Belafonte at Carnegie Hall [‘59, RCA Victor 6006].
Funny How Time Slips Away - Jimmy Elledge [RCA Victor 7946] (Willie Nelson) hit the country charts for Billy Walker [‘61, Columbia 42050], charted later for Johnny Tillotson [‘63, Cadence 1441]. Joe Hinton charted with it as ‘Funny’ [‘64, Back Beat 541].
You Win Again - Fats Domino [Imperial 5816] (Williams) was first recorded by Hank Williams [‘52, MGM 11318], covered by Tommy Edwards [MGM 11326]. It was also a country hit for Jerry Lee Lewis [‘58, Sun 281] and Charley Pride [‘80, RCA 12002].
Nut Rocker - B. Bumble & the Stingers [Rendezvous 166] (Fowley) was first recorded by Jack B. Nimble & the Quicks [‘62, Del Rio 2305] - featuring some of the same musicians. It is based on ‘March of the Wooden Soldiers’ from Tchaikovsky’s 1892 ballet The Nutcracker (Op. 71).
Rock-a-Hula Baby - Elvis Presley [RCA Victor 47-7968] (Wise, Weisman, Fuller) is from the movie Blue Hawaii.
Santa Claus Is Coming to Town - Four Seasons [Vee-Jay 478] (Gillespie, Coots) is a Christmas standard from 1934, sung on stage and radio by Eddie Cantor, and recorded by George Hall [Bluebird 5711] and Harry Reser [Decca 264]. It was revived by Bing Crosby & the Andrews Sisters [‘47, Decca 23281].
I Can’t Help It (If I’m Still In Love With You) - Johnny Tillotson [Cadence 1432] (Williams) was originally a country hit for Hank Williams [‘51, MGM 10961], covered by Guy Mitchell [Columbia 39595], and later for Linda Ronstadt [‘75, Capitol 3990].
What’d I Say (Part 1)- Bobby Darin [Atco 6221] (Charles) - the ‘59 Ray Charles hit (see 1961).
Teach Me Tonight - George Maharis [Epic 9504] (Cahn, DePaul), originally by Janet Brace [’54, Decca 28990], was a 1954 pop hit for the DeCastro Sisters [Abbott 3001] and also charted for Jo Stafford [Columbia 40351].
Little Bitty Pretty One - Clyde McPhatter [Mercury 71987] (Byrd) is a remake of Thurston Harris’ hit (see 1957).
Seven Day Weekend - Gary ‘U.S.’ Bonds [Legrand 1019] (Pomus, Shuman) is from the movie It’s Trad - Dad.
Theme from Ben Casey - Valjean [Carlton 573] (Raksin) is the theme to the TV show.
Your Cheatin’ Heart - Ray Charles [ABC Paramount 10375] (Williams) was a posthumous country hit for Hank Williams [‘53, MGM 11416], covered by Joni James [MGM 11428] and Frankie Laine [Columbia 39938].
Multiplication - Bobby Darin [Atco 6214] (Darin) is from Darin’s movie Come September.
King of the Whole Wide World - Elvis Presley [EP Kid Galahad RCA Victor EPA-4371] (Batchelor, Roberts) is from the movie Kid Galahad.
Route 66 Theme - Nelson Riddle [Capitol 4741] (Riddle) is the theme to the George Maharis TV series Route 66.
Jambalaya (On the Bayou) - Fats Domino [Imperial 5796] was a country hit for Hank Williams [‘52, MGM 11283], covered by Joe Stafford [Columbia 39838]. It was revived by John Fogerty, as the Blue Ridge Rangers [‘73, Fantasy 689].